Drinking Red Wine May Increase Spinal Bone Density Could Become A Viable Osteoporosis Treatment
Recent evidence has shown that resveratrol, a compound naturally found in red wine, grapes, and nuts, can help prevent heart disease by increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein, also known as good cholesterol. A recent study published in the Endocrine Society’s;Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism has revealed that resveratrol may also increase spinal bone density in men with metabolic syndrome. The study also cited resveratrol as a viable treatment option for osteoporosis.
“Our study is the first to reveal resveratrol’s potential as an anti-osteoporosis drug in humans,” Dr. Marie Juul Ørnstrup, lead researcher from the Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, said in a statement. “Our findings suggest the compound stimulates bone-forming cells within the body.”
Ørnstrup and her colleagues recruited 66 middle-aged men diagnosed with metabolic syndrome to participate in a randomized, double-blind study. After having their mineral density as well as bone formation and resorption assessed, participants were either prescribed a 500-milligram dose of resveratrol, a 75-milligram dose of resveratrol, or a placebo twice a day for a period of 16 weeks. Similar studies have shown that resveratrols anti-inflammatory properties can protect against bone loss in mice.
Alcohol And Osteoporosis: How Booze Depletes Bone Density
Alcohol has a paradoxical relationship with osteoporosis. People who drink, on average, just one drink every other day to as much as one drink a day tend to have higher bone mineral density than people who drink infrequently or dont drink at all. Drinking red wine, in particular, helps to prevent osteoporosis. But drinking excessively increases the demineralization that makes bones brittle.
Measurement And Classification Of Variables
Demographic variables including age, gender, amount and frequency of alcohol consumption, regular physical activity, marital status, smoking status, household income , education level , residential area, total energy intake, and various nutrient intakes were collected using self-reported questionnaires. To assess the variables for reproduction, age at menarche, age at menopause, parity number, history of oral contraceptive use, history of hormone replacement therapy, and lactation history were evaluated. Parity was defined as the number of live births. Regular physical activity was defined as habitual physical activity that left the person slightly short-winded or that was tough compared to activities of daily living; if activity duration was greater than 30 minutes at a time and the frequency was greater than five times per week, the person was instructed to mark, yes, and if the person partook in physical activity less than that he or she was instructed to mark no. Body weight and height were measured, and body mass index was calculated. Waist circumference was measured at the narrowest point, between the lower costal margin and the iliac crest. An absolute BMD of the lumbar spine , total femur , femoral neck , femoral trochanter , and femoral intertrochanter were measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry with a DISCOVERY-W machine . According to the WHO criteria, osteoporosis was defined as a BMD T-score less than -2.5.
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Can Tobacco Use Contribute To Osteoporosis
Tobacco directly affects bone cells and interferes with their ability to function. Many studies have linked heavy tobacco use to decreased bone health, including:
- increased risk of osteoporosis
- higher rate of bone fractures
- fewer teeth
- dramatic decrease in mineralization of bones in the hip, hands, forearms and heels
Studies of postmenopausal women smokers show about a 50 percent increased loss in cortical bone compared to their non-smoking counterparts. Smoking may also speed-up the breakdown rate of the estrogen hormone in postmenopausal women, resulting in increased loss of bone mass and increased likelihood of bone fracture.
Boost Your Immune System
While we dont recommend neglecting your daily vitamins, drinking wine can also help boost your immune system. As long you consume wine in moderation,;it can help ward off infections and keep your immune system healthy.
The antioxidants found in red wine also has its own share of benefits, such as improving insulin sensitivity and helping stave off Alzheimer’s disease. Unsplash
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Drinking And Increased Risk Of Bone Fracture
Individuals who participate in regular, heavy drinking have been linked to more incidents of bone fracture than those who consume moderate amounts of alcohol or abstain from alcohol consumption. This increased occurrence of fractures is due to brittle bones and nerve damage, which are a result of alcohol abuse.
It is most likely for fractures to occur in the hip or spine. Fractures suffered in these parts of the body are likely to heal slowly because of the malnutrition often caused by alcohol use disorders.
Inflammation Is In The Gut
Chronic, ongoing inflammation is not directly felt.
Instead, its experienced through any one or more of the many diseases it gives rise to.
I mentioned a few earlier: heart disease, high blood pressure, organ diseases and so on. And osteoporosis.
So how do we address inflammation in order to prevent it ruining our bone health?
The key to preventing inflammation in the first place is to keep the gut healthy. A healthy gut is, literally, a healthy body and mind.
Tackle gut health and everything changes and it changes quickly.
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Vitamin And Mineral Absorption
Heavy drinking negatively impacts bone health because it affects nutrient absorption, says Scott Boden, MD, a professor of orthopedic surgery at Emory University School of Medicine and director of the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center in Atlanta, Georgia.
Alcohol consumption impacts how the body absorbs calcium and vitamin D, both of which are critical for healthy bone development. Alcohol can decrease the absorption of calcium via the intestine, or it can have effects on the pancreas and vitamin D metabolism, which can impact bone density, says Dr. Boden.
When alcohol disrupts vitamin D and its ability to help the body absorb calcium, it impacts your bodys ability to build strong bones and overall bone density, putting you at a higher risk for fractures after falls.
Drinking & Bone Fracture Risk
Alcohol use, especially heavy alcohol use, increases a persons risk of developing osteoporosis, and there are many effects of alcohol on bones and joints. People with osteoporosis are more likely to have bone fractures.
Drinking alcohol weakens bones in several ways, causing them to become more brittle. Brittle bones are more likely to fracture.
Bone fractures due to osteoporosis commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. These fractures can be debilitating and can reduce a persons quality of life.
Not only does alcohol harm bones, but it also increases the risk of falling. Heavy alcohol consumption affects gait and balance, making a fall more likely. A fall in combination with weak bones often results in a bone fracture.
Studies have shown that people who stop drinking after chronic consumption see an increased bone-building rate. Even the lost bone can be partially restored. One of the best ways to reduce bone fracture risk is by moderating or abstaining from drinking.
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Osteoporosis: The Missing Link
Some of the exercise advice given by medical professions is difficult to implement. I know that I never managed to follow any of it.
Quite a bit of the nutritional advice they give is wide of the mark and, again, its vague, too general and hard to put into practice.
In the rush to give us drugs doctors lose sight of or dont even know about the much more basic cause of what is weakening our bones.
Because theres a specific reason why we fail to shake off osteoporosis.
Its because we arent tackling what fuels the disease in the first place.
And what fuels the disease are these:
- too many of the foods that cause bone loss
- not enough of the the foods that promote bone formation
- the wrong balance of foods needed for a healthy gut
The human body is complex and the route to keeping it healthy and avoiding disease is complex. Yet in practical terms it all comes down to eating more of the right foods and less of the wrong ones.
Shelly gives us a comprehensive list of each. And some very straightforward meal plans to ensure we get as many of the good ones into our diet as possible. Its really not difficult at all.
And while this guidance alone is better than anything I ever got from any other health professional its the gut health advice that I believe made all the difference.
Alcohol And Drug Abuse Treatment
Osteoporosis is a silent disease that is often preventable. Because symptoms of osteoporosis are difficult to detect, it can progress for many years until a fracture occurs. Getting yearly bone mass assessments can help doctors determine if osteoporosis is present.
Alcohol- and drug-induced osteoporosis is manageable with the proper care. It is important to talk openly about any alcohol or drug abuse, as it may affect bone health. Without this information bone loss can be easier to overlook.
For more information on alcohol- and drug-induced osteoporosis, contact a specialist today.
This page does not provide medical advice.
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How Alcohol Affects Bone Remodeling
“The maintenance of healthy bone in human adults occurs through a process called ‘bone remodeling,’ said Dennis A. Chakkalakal, a;research scientist at the Omaha Veterans Affairs Medical Center, associate professor in the department of surgery at Creighton University, and sole author of the review.
“At any given time during adult life, and in various parts of the skeleton, small portions of the ‘old bone’ are removed by cells called ‘osteoclasts,’ and new bone is formed by cells called ‘osteoblasts.’ In a healthy person, the two activities are in balance so that there is no net loss of bone.”
However, Chakkalakal reported that chronic and heavy drinking can disrupt the balance by suppressing new bone formation.
“The empty space created by normal bone-removing activity is inadequately filled by newly formed bone,” said Chakkalakal. “This process continues at other skeletal sites during the next remodeling cycle. The cumulative effect of this process during several remodeling cycles is manifested as a measurable bone loss over a period of just a few years.”
Alcohol Can Prevent Bone Development
Unfortunately, drinking alcohol can preventing new bone from forming in the body. This fact is true for people of all ages because drinking alcohol at any age affects bone health. However, in adolescents and young adults specifically, alcohol use can prevent vital bone formation that only occurs during adolescence and young adulthood.
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The Problem With Calcium Supplements:
A lot of calcium supplements promise to improve bone health. However, it’s important to note that relying on calcium alone is simply not enough. Even worse, it can be dangerous.
While most people get enough calcium from their diets, the problem is that it’s not easily easily absorbed by our bodies. In fact, studies show that certain kinds of calcium are almost completely unabsorbable, and essentially useless.
To ensure maximum absorption, look for Calcium Hydroxyapatite that’s paired with vitamins D3 and K2. This unique pairing has been clinically proven to help support bone density better than calcium supplements alone.
Fortunately, a select few brands addressed this problem head on and have developed products that actually fix the problem.
Now that you know the benefits of a bone health supplement, what to look for, and what to avoid, what are the best bone health supplements to choose from? Below, you can find our Top 5 brands we found to be most helpful in improving bone health.
How Alcohol Use Influences Osteoporosis Risk
Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with osteoporosis. According to The Mayo Clinic, regularly consuming more than two drink a day raises a persons risk of developing osteoporosis. Similar to tobacco, there are multiple ways alcohol affects bone health.
Alcohol can have many different effects on osteoporosis, including inhibiting proper vitamin absorption, impairing hormone regulation, preventing bone development and speeding up bone deterioration.
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Alcohol Places Oxidative Stress On Bones
The answer turns out to have a lot to do with oxidative stress, the process in which the formation of damaging free radicals and other dangerous reactive oxygen species becomes greater than what the body can handle.
Alcohol increases oxidative stress and the formation of excessive numbers of reactive oxygen species throughout the body, including bone. In bone cells, too much alcohol and other osteoporosis risk factors like too much dietary fat and obesity are now known to cause damage because of oxidative stress.
The process of breaking down and re-making bone happens continually in the body and must be balanced in order for healthy bones to stay strong and resist fracture.; Because of oxidative stress and other disruptions it causes to bone cells, alcohol disrupts the normal balance between bone breakdown and formation, decreasing formation.
Ultimately this creates a situation in which bones cant properly repair and renew, significantly increasing your risk of suffering a fracture. With too much alcohol, just like with too much dietary fat, bone cells cant keep up with the job of detoxifying the reactive oxygen species or repairing the resulting damage.
This can cause bone-building cells to self-destruct . In rats, the effects of alcohol on preventing bone formation can be completely reversed if they are given the dietary antioxidant n-acetyl-cysteine . Whether antioxidants like NAC would have similar effects on osteoporosis risk factors in humans has not been studied.
Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Help Prevent Bone Loss Study Suggests
- Oregon State University
- Drinking a moderate amount of alcohol as part of a healthy lifestyle may benefit womens bone health, lowering their risk of developing osteoporosis. A new study assessed the effects of alcohol withdrawal on bone turnover in postmenopausal women who drank one or two drinks per day several times a week. Researchers measured a significant increase in blood markers of bone turnover in women after they stopped drinking for just two weeks.
Drinking a moderate amount of alcohol as part of a healthy lifestyle may benefit women’s bone health, lowering their risk of developing osteoporosis.
A new study assessed the effects of alcohol withdrawal on bone turnover in postmenopausal women who drank one or two drinks per day several times a week. Researchers at Oregon State University measured a significant increase in blood markers of bone turnover in women after they stopped drinking for just two weeks.
Bones are in a constant state of remodeling with old bone being removed and replaced. In people with osteoporosis, more bone is lost than reformed resulting in porous, weak bones. About 80 percent of all people with osteoporosis are women, and postmenopausal women face an even greater risk because estrogen, a hormone that helps keep bone remodeling in balance, decreases after menopause.
The study was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health and the John C. Erkkila, M.D. Endowment for Health and Human Performance.
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Drinking And Bone Health: Study Details
In the past, other research has found a link between moderate drinking and bone health, as measured by bone density, Iwaniec says. However, it has not been shown definitely that alcohol itself helps the bones or that the benefit is due to other factors.
Bones are constantly remodeling, with old bone being removed and replaced. Estrogen helps keep this bone remodeling process in good balance.
The researchers took blood samples at the study start and computed the levels of indicators of bone turnover.
Next, the researchers asked the women to abstain from all alcohol for two weeks and took blood samples again.
After two weeks, the rate of bone removal and replacement increased. “That means that bone turnover is increased, and increased bone turnover is an independent risk factor for fractures ,” Iwaniec says.
After the two-week abstinence, the women were given a set amount of alcohol to take home, based on their average intake. They drank the alcohol that evening and returned to give the researchers another blood sample the next morning.
After they drank again, the women had a rapid decrease in bone turnover, Iwaniec found. It returned to previous levels.
How Much Alcohol Is In One Drink
The US Centers for Disease Control defines a drink as 14 g of pure ethanol. Thats the amount of alcohol found in:
- 12 fluid ounces of beer,
- 8 fluid ounces of malt liquor,
- 5 fluid ounces of wine, or
- 1.5 fluid ounces of liquor.
What are low, moderate, and heavy consumption of alcohol?
- Low consumption of alcohol is drinking on an infrequent basis or not drinking at all.
- Moderate consumption of alcohol is drinking less than one drink a day for women or less than two drinks a day for men three or more days a week.
- Heavy consumption of alcohol, for purposes of estimating the risk of osteoporosis, is drinking more than one drink a day every day for women or more than two drinks a day for men or drinking more than five drinks in one drinking binge.
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Risk Of Osteoporosis And Drinking Alcohol: Drinking Reduces Risk
The risk of osteoporosis is reduced by drinking in moderation. Thats according to medical research.
Osteoporosis is a severe problem, especially among older women. But is also effects many men. It is a frequent cause of fractures that often lead to severe disability. The disease can cause bones to become so weak that even coughing can fracture them. Fractures caused by osteoporosis most often happen in the hip, wrist or spine.
Its easy to forget that bones are living tissue. Each bone is always breaking down and replacing itself with new tissue. Thats why bone can change shape over time with advancing age. Doing things that help new bone tissue grow fast enough to replace what is lost reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
A number of things can increase the risk of osteoporosis.Being over 50 years of age.
- Having a family history of osteoporosis.
- Being white or Asian.
Study: Risk of Osteoporosis and Alcohol
Researchers in Finland studied 300 women for three years. They looked at drinking and bone mass density . The more dense and strong bones are, the less likely they are to break.
Regular, moderate drinking was linked with more dense bones . This reduced the risk of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, compared with abstaining.
These findings are consistent with other research on alcohol and the risk of osteoporosis.
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