Millet Sorghum And Corn Beer
Beer brewed from millet, corn and sorghum are widely considered as African beer.
For thousands of years, Africans have been brewing local and homemade beer made from fermented mixes of millet, sorghum and corn. Traditionally made by women, this beer is arguably one of the most popular and widely consumed local alcoholic beverage in Africa.
Though many different recipes exist, African beer is locally known as dolo in Burkina Faso, pito and burukutu in Nigeria, bili bili in Cameroun, merissa in Sudan, chibuku and umqombothi in several parts of Southern Africa.
Unlike foreign beers, most African beers are opaque beers that is, they often contain sediments of partially fermented maize, sorghum or millet.
Because millet, sorghum and corn are abundantly produced in Africa, this beer is much cheaper than foreign beers which are produced with imported barley and hops. A high proportion of corn usually produces a lighter-toned beer with a softer flavor while a high sorghum base produces a much darker beer.
Interestingly, the recipe for brewing many of the varieties of African beer is passed from one generation to another.
In the next section, well look at an innovative move by an international beer giant to exploit the lucrative potentials of local African beer.
Bacterially Produced Acidic Preservatives
Bacteria are prokaryotes and about a 10th of the size of yeast cells. To give you some idea of the size of bacteria, imagine a tiny cube, the sides 1 mm long , filled with no less than a billion bacteria!
Bacteria are often rod-shaped bacilli. Some are spherical cocci , some are comma-shaped and constantly vibrating vibriones, some spiral-shaped spirilli. Many bacteria have flagella, long tails that act as propellers. Most bacteria reproduce by splitting in half. The daughter cells mostly detach themselves, but can also form chains. The chain-forming bacteria are called streptococci . Others stick together in grape-like bundles and are known as staphylococci .
Figure 1.8. Bacteria.
Bacteria are prokaryotes, i.e., their genetic information is not contained in a nucleus, but is found in the cytoplasmmostly as double-stranded DNA loops.
They are lacking organelles typically found in eukaryotic cells, such as mitochondria or chloroplasts , and an endoplasmic reticulum.
Most bacteria are heterotrophic, i.e., they draw their energy from organic matter, whereas other species get their energy through photosynthesis or from inorganic compounds.
Bacteria comprise mobile as well as immobile single-celled organisms , but also multicellular filaments on the substrate, as in Nocardia and the fungus-like structures of Streptomyces spp. in the air.
Gram-negative aerobic rods and cocci include Pseudomonas spp. and Acetobacter , Rhizobium , and Methylophilus .
Figure 1.9. Fungi.
Nkulenu Industries Ghana A Promising Exporter Of African Palm Wine
Before I found out about Nkulenus Palm Drink, I never believed palm wine could be bottled without going bad or losing its amazing taste. It turns out its possible afterall!
Based in Madina , Nkulenu is a fast growing family business that started exporting its brand of bottled palm wine to the West about 15 years ago.
Today, its top export markets are in the United States and several countries in Europe.
With its distinct green bottles, the Nkulenu Palm Drink product is sold in 315ml and 625ml volumes.
The business exports over 250,000 bottles of palm drink to international markets every year. Its top consumers are mostly West Africans in the Diaspora and a growing number of non-Africans who want to try something different.
Like everything new and exotic, many non-Africans who taste palm wine for the first time say its like an old indigenous drink they are familiar with its definitely a taste you have to get used to.
According to the company, Ghanaian Palm Wine, compared to other West African types, is unique because of the method of preparation.
Those who have tasted Nkulenus brand of Palm Wine consider it the best when properly chilled and shaken thoroughly to blend the yeast.
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In Nigeria Palm Wine Celebrates The Human Experience
In 1952, Nigerian author Amos Tutuola published The Palm-Wine Drinkard, a book based on Yoruba folktales. Now a canonical piece of African literature, the book has been translated into 12 languages.
Its initial reception internationally may have disclosed more about Western reviewers than the work itself.
The books first critic, Dylan Thomas, in his 1952 review in The Observer, described it as simply and carefully written in young English.
In 1953, The New York Times Book Reviewdescribed Tutuola as a true primitive whose world had no connection at all with the European rational and Christian traditions. The New Yorkers 1953 review stated that Tutuola was being taken a great deal too seriously and instructed U.S. writers not to imitate him, as it would be fatal for a writer with a richer literary inheritance.
Such criticism aside, the book is about someone who sets out to retrieve his palm wine tapper from the land of the dead. It condenses several cultural folktales that use palm wine to explore themes of brotherhood, communal love and familial identity. It demonstrates how thick the palm wine bond is in Nigeria.
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The sap begins to ferment as soon as it leaves the tree, catalyzed by yeasts. The more time that passes, the more fermented it becomes and the higher its alcohol content.
When Will Africa Export Its Impressive Range Of Local Drinks Wines And Beverages
I placed a phone call to my friend as soon as I finished writing this article to let him know I now had an answer to his question: When will Africa export its own wines?
I proudly informed him that we already have a few companies successfully producing and exporting beer and wine. Expectedly, he was shocked at the good news.
However, I quickly had to remind him that Africa is still behind in the race for a greater share of its own local beer and wine market.
In addition, the continent also has some strong advantages and opportunities that are not being exploited and a couple of challenges we need to watch out for.
In summary, there is still hope for African wine and beer brands! Only the future will determine if we win or lose more ground to foreign tastes and preferences in beer and wine.
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What Is Palm Wine
Palm wine is an alcoholic beverage, known by different names across the planet, made from the sap of various species of palm trees.
The sap is usually extracted from the tallest sections of the plant where young boys from villages called tappers climb to collect it. The sap is collected and left to ferment with the yeast present in the air.
The extraction method involves inserting a small fire into the trunk of a felled palm tree to release its sap, which is then collected in jars.
Healthy Nutritious Palm Wine For Sale Fresh From Farm
- A wide variety of palm wine for sale options are available to you, such as sweet, medium sweet.You can also choose from beverage, palm wine for sale,As well as from hot stamping, matte palm wine for sale.And whether palm wine for sale is bottle, , or . There are 182 palm wine for sale suppliers, mainly located in Asia. , and
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We Have An Abundant Supply Of Raw Materials For Beer And Wine Production
The raw materials for the production of Africas local brews and wines are abundantly available on the continent. Africa is one of worlds top producers of sorghum, millet and corn, the main ingredients for brewing local African beer.
The tropical forest belts of West and Central Africa are home to a dense population of palm trees from which palm wine is tapped.
East Africa remains one of the worlds largest producers of banana, the single most important raw material for the hugely popular banana wine and beer.
In addition to these, the potential for beekeeping and honey production is high on the continent thereby improving the prospects for honey wine.
Surprisingly, most of the foreign beer brands that are gaining ground in Africa are made from barley and wheat, two cereals the continent produces in low quantities.
No African country is in the top-10 list of wheat or barley producers in the world. Is there any reason why Africa has to import these grains for beer production when it has an abundant supply of suitable alternatives ?
Coconut Wine Tuba In The Philippines
In the Philippines, coconut wine tuba refers both to the freshly collected sweetish sap and the one by having the red lauan-tree tan bark colorant.
In Leyte, the coconut wine tuba is matured for up to one to 2 years such that an echoing ring is made when a glass container is tapped explanation required this variation of tuba is called bahalina.
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The 5 Major Opportunities And Challenges For Local African Drinks Wines & Beverages
For Africas local beverage brands to truly succeed, entrepreneurs and businesses interested in this area will have to take advantage of the continents strengths and opportunities.
In this section, well look at five important factors to be strongly considered for Africas wines and beers to become successful. Here they are
Africas Beer And Wine Industry Needs More Investment
It is indeed a very good sign that small and big players are already exploiting the huge potential of local beer and wine.
However, like most young and growing ventures, this sector still needs a lot of investment to take on the established wine importers and foreign beer giants on the continent. Its time for entrepreneurs, local and foreign investors, and governments to directly invest in this market.
As I have shown throughout this article, the fundamentals prove that local African beer and wine have a strong competitive advantage in both local and global markets.
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Importance Of Geotrichum In The Food Industry
Geotrichum fragrans has been isolated from fruit juice, palm wine, milk, figs and mash of Zea mays. However, G. candidum is by far the most common of the two species and is known to be the causative agent in the spoilage of a number of food types.
G. candidum is a post-harvest pathogen of a wide diversity of fruit and vegetables. This species is known to cause sour rot of citrus fruits. It causes watery soft rot in asparagus, onions, garlic, beans, beetroot, carrots, parsnips, parsley, endives, globe artichoke, lettuce, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, radishes, rutabagas, turnips and tomatoes. It also causes post-harvest damage to bananas, mangoes, musk melons and stone fruits. Another similar species, Geotrichum citri-aurantii E.E. Butler, only causes sour rot in citrus. These diseases usually spread when hyphal fragments or arthric conidia from Geotrichum are carried by fruit flies or other insects from infected plant material to injuries and lacerations on freshly harvested fruit and vegetables.
G. candidum occurs commonly in raw milk and acts as the spoilage agent of a number of dairy products. It imparts off-flavours on cottage cheese and under certain conditions is able to cause surface defects on hard cheeses. It is able to grow on the surface of butter and has also been isolated from spoilt poultry and from fresh, refrigerated, processed and cured meats.
V. Arunachalam, in, 2012
Banana Investments Tanzania Africas Banana Beverage Champion
From its base in Arusha and several depots across the country, Banana Investments started producing and bottling banana wine since 1993 and was probably the first to transform this locally produced beverage into a recognizable brand.
The companys banana wine product is available in three main brands: Raha, Meru and Malkia.
Bottled in 330ml bottles, the wine has an attractive golden colour, a sweet flavor and an alcohol content that stands at 11 percent. Priced at about $0.20 per bottle, its target consumers are mostly low and middle income earners who cannot always afford to drink normal malt beers and grape wines.
Interestingly, the company acknowledges that it doesnt face any serious competition in the market since the concept of bottled banana wine is still fairly new in the country. And business is booming because many of its consumers are hooked to the product.
The existing and potential future demand for commercially produced banana wine within the East Africa region is huge and largely unexploited.
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Benefits Of Palm Wine
One of the reasons palm wine is so popular is the importance of its benefits. It is a drink not only special for the flavor that distinguishes it but also for the health benefits it brings to the body. A panacea for health, which combines pleasure and well-being.
Here are the benefits of palm wine:
- The content of riboflavin, also called vitamin B2, is very high: it is an antioxidant, very useful for our well-being.
- Palm wine is also rich in vitamin C and vitamin B1.
- From the point of view of mineral salts, this drink is rich in iron and potassium, two micronutrients for good health.
- Due to its nutritional profile, it is believed to be able to improve eye health, to the point that in villages where it is usually consumed, older people are said to have incredibly sharp eyesight.
- The presence of mineral salts is useful for the proper functioning of certain cells in our body, while maintaining a healthy heart, and is able to control high blood pressure.
- In many areas where palm wine is commonly consumed, it is considered a very potent aphrodisiac, but its benefits could go further: a recent study has shown that palm wine can protect people with erectile dysfunction and impotence due to type 2 diabetes.
Palm wine is still an alcoholic drink, so it should be consumed with caution and moderation.
Keeping Up With Fitness
Palm wine not only represents the rich culture of Costa Rica but equally comes with loaded vitamins and minerals. Palm wine contains vitamins and minerals which keep the body healthy and fit. Researches have proved that drinking palm wine is beneficial for eyesight too. Its cancer-fighting capabilities are definitely worth mentioning also. So do your mind, body and soul a favor and order palm wine online right away or contact us directly for more information to give your health a boost with this all-natural drink.
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Coconut Wine A Type Of Palm Wine
Palm wine also called palm toddy and called kallu, or merely toddy, is an alcoholic beverage generated from the sap of numerous animals of palm tree such as the palmyra, and coconut palms.
Coconut Wine tuba beverage is common in various parts of Asia and Africa, and goes by different names, such as emu and oguro in Nigeria, nsamba in Democratic Republic of the Congo, nsafufuo in Ghana, kallu in South India, tuak in North Sumatra, Indonesia, mnazi in Mijikenda, Kenya goribon in Sabah, Borneo, and tuba in the Philippines, Borneo and Mexico.
If you want to buy Philippines Coconut Wine, also known as Lambanog , .
Coconut Wine tuba is even ingested in Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Production of coconut wine has indeed contributed to the endangered status of some palm species such as the Chilean wine palm .
The Panache Of Nigerian Palm Wine
You have tasted almost every drink available across UK and pride yourself as being something of a wine connoisseur. Sure, the beautiful wines and varies of champagne has you all excited and agog about tasting the best that the land has to offer. Yet, you are likely to get a kick out of the relatively unknown but exceedingly refreshing Nigerian palm wine.
What is Palm Wine?
Your mind begins to brim with curiosity while your brain yearns to discover the truth. No issues though! You can get the answers readily by visiting the exotic African stores specializing in bringing genuine products to your doorstep. The wine happens to be a sparkling beverage sourced from the sap of the tropical palm trees indigenous to Africa and Asia. It looks akin to champagne without sans the froth. Yet, it can rejuvenate the body and cheer up the mind.
Surprisingly, it is low in alcoholic content and will not have you dead drunk unlike whiskey and other spirits that result in a devastating hangover the day after. You would also be intrigued to know that you can buy palm wine online in a beautiful bottle that comes with an attractive stopper. You do not have to think twice about purchasing this wonderful beverage in bulk either for the contained yeast and probiotic properties make it beneficial for health as well.
Benefits of Palm Wine
The Best Source of Nigerian Products in the UK
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Sequence Analysis Of The 26s Rdna D1/d2 Domain
Sequencing of the D1/D2 divergent domain of the large subunit rDNA was performed on representative strains of each created group by PCR-RFLP. The NL1 and NL4 primers were used to amplify the D1/D2 domain. The reactions were performed in a PIKO 24 thermal cycler under the following conditions: initial denaturation at 95 °C for 5 min 35 cycles of denaturing at 94 °C for 1 min, annealing at 55.5 °C for 2 min, and extension at 72 °C for 2 min and a final extension at 72 °C for 10 min. The amplified fragments where then sequenced by Laragen Sequencing and Genotyping . The sequences were edited using Mega 5.1 and compared with the sequences in the GenBank database at using the basic local alignment search tool .