How To Make Wine The Basic Steps To Making Wine
Weve talked about what wine is, how its made, what equipment you will need, and what additives you can add. Now lets talk about the basic process of making wine. Im going to list this as some easy to follow steps.
Harvest Red Wine Grapes
Red wine is made with black wine grapes. In fact, all the color you see in a glass of red wine found in black grape skins.
During the grape harvest, the most important thing to do is to pick the grapes Its critical because grapes dont continue to ripen after theyve been picked.
Get the Wine 101 Course FREE with the purchase of Wine Folly: Magnum Edition.
For all winemakers, is the most critical time of year!
White Wine Case Study: Making Chardonnay
Chardonnay is one of the worlds most popular wine grapes, as evidenced by widespread plantings in France, Australia, South Africa, South America and the United States. The grape is thought to have originated in France, and DNA evidence supports that idea. Having been around for so long, it is not surprising that there are many clones The Foundation Plant Services at UC-Davis lists 63 clones, and that is just for material that they have cleaned up and certified to be virus free!
In France, you will find Chardonnay in the white wines of Burgundy, hence they are referred to as white Burgundy. It is the predominant grape in the Chablis and Côte de Beaune sub-regions, but as you move south through Burgundy it tends to be blended into more value-priced wines with the Aligoté and Pinot Blanc grapes. Outside of Burgundy, it is one of the three main varieties in the Champagne region. This grape accounts for about 60% of the total area planted in the Burgundy and Champagne regions. It is found in the Loire and other regions and the rules regarding its use vary. The Languedoc was the first region to begin marketing Chardonnay wines as a specific varietal, which was a move away from the traditional French Appellation dorigine contrôlée dominated rules on growing and blending wines by region.
Yield: 5 gallons/19 L
Step-by-step1. Clean and sanitize all your winemaking equipment, tools and surfaces.
4. Move the juice to a refrigerator.
Don’t Miss: Keto Friendly Wine Brands
How Do I Make Homemade Red Wine
How Red Wine Is Made: Follow Along Step By Step
Red winemaking differs in one important way: the juice ferments with grape skins to dye it red.
Of course, theres more to red winemaking than the color. Learning about the process reveals secrets about quality and taste that will So, lets walk through each of the steps of how red wine is made from grapes to glass.
Also Check: How Many Glasses Of Wine In 750 Ml Bottle
Crushing White Wine Grapes
Crush the grapes. It is not necessary to de-stem them. Test for total acidity following the instructions in your acid testing kit. If the acidity is less than .7%, add enough tartaric acid to bring it to that level. Test for sugar with your hydrometer. Correct any deficiencies by adding enough sugar to bring the reading up to 20% for most varieties . When these tests and corrections have been completed, the must should be sulfited. Estimating that you will get roughly a gallon of juice from every 16 lbs. of grapes , add enough sulfite to give you a sulfur dioxide level between 50 and 120 parts per million . The amount needed will depend on the condition of the grapes, with moldy grapes getting the most concentrated dose.
What Can You Do With Wild Grapes
Ive always made juice out of the wild grapes Ive collected. It is my intention to prepare and can a concentrate, which I will then blend with plain or fizzy water to provide an alternative to commercial soft drinks that is both healthier and tastier. Other people utilize wild grapes to make jelly or a handmade sweet wine, while others eat them raw.
Don’t Miss: How To Remove Red Wine From Tablecloth
Your First Wine From Fresh Grapes
Nothing feels as satisfying and authentic as making your first batch of wine from fresh grapes. And theres no better time to try it than in early autumn, when grapes all over the country are ripening in vineyards and backyard gardens.
There are many kinds of grapes to choose from, depending on where you live. Vitis vinifera is the classic choice for flavor, varietal character and historic authenticity. This famous European wine-grape family includes such renowned varieties as Chardonnay, Merlot, Zinfandel and Cabernet Sauvignon. In the United States, to make a sweeping generalization, v. vinifera grapes thrive in California and the Pacific Northwest. They also grow well in microclimates scattered from New York to the Great Lakes, the Mid-Atlantic states and beyond.
Those who live in colder, wetter climates may not be able to find v. vinifera grapes grown locally. Dont be discouraged. Fine hybrids and Vitis labrusca grapes, which are less susceptible to cold and disease, may be growing near your home. Other options include ordering grapes through your favorite local winemaking shop or from a produce wholesaler.
Whatever kind of grapes you use, the general techniques, equipment and ingredients are the same. Heres an overview of some key steps along the way.
How To Make Great Homemade Wine From Grapes
Good quality homemade red wines can be made from grapes with remarkable flavour, body and character. Tremendous wines that are worthy of recognition by friends and family. You can make homemade wine for a fraction of what it would cost you to purchase store bought wine.
There are many types of grapes to choose from, such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Pinot Chardonnay that were brought over from Europe and and their sugar content is generally high providing enough sugar naturally. Once you become more experienced you may want check the sugar content before and after the fermentation by measuring it with a hydrometer. It is important to understand that the quality of wine depends very much on the quality of grapes that are going to be used.
Once you have chosen the variety of grape to make your homemade wine, find a good source of high quality grapes. Remember this isvery, very important to making good homemade wine. Inspect the grapes as they must be clean and discard any grapes that look rotten or questionable. You will need about 36 kilograms of grapes to make about 19 litres of homemade wine. The minimum amount of homemade wine I make is a demijohn which requires six cases of grapes.
Don’t Miss: What Type Of Wine Has The Least Amount Of Sugar
Is Grape Wine Healthy
A good news for grape wine lovers: they can consume it untroubled. The beverage is not only exceptionally delicious, but also, apparently, very healthy. Red grape wine is particularly recommended. The fruits contain large doses of antioxidants which help a human organism fight against various civilization diseases. Grape wine consumed from time to time might protect you against heart diseases and even cancer. As some claim, the beverage aids the fight against obesity and osteoporosis. Some unconfirmed data also suggests the protection against Alzheimers disease.
If you consume homemade wine, maintain moderation – just like with every liquor. A glass or two with dinner twice or thrice a week is more than enough to protect your health.
The French know the most about health benefits of wine. According to them, a glass a day consumed with a meal is the absolute basis for ones healthcare. Nevertheless, medical doctors stress that one should not exceed a dose of 250 ml a day.
Add Sachet 2 Stabiliser
Add sachet number two or one and a half teaspoons of potassium sorbate and stir with your sterilised stirrer. Some methods say to stir or shake the CO2 out of the wine at this stage, others say you don’t need to do this, particularly if you are planning to allow the wine to mature for some time. CO2 is added to the wine when it is fermented by the yeast. It increases the acidity as it is dissolved as carbonic acid in water. It easily leaves the solution into the air when stirred or shaken. However, if you remove all of it you can end up with a flat tasting wine. I decided to leave mine to stand so the CO2 left left slowly of it’s own volition.
Recommended Reading: Safari Wine Tours Malibu
Final Days: Chill The Wine Bottle And Enjoy
When the bubbling in your 5-litre bottle has stopped , place the bottle in the fridge and leave it for about three days. The cold temperature will halt the fermentation and help the yeast settle to the bottom of the bottle.
After three days have passed, line up enough empty bottles to hold the wine. Very, very carefully, so as not to disturb the sediment, pour the wine into the empty bottles using the funnel. It helps to have someone else hold the bottles while moving the funnel from bottle to bottle. Fill all the bottles in a single pass, without tipping the fermenting bottle. This way, you won’t disturb the sediment.
The wine can be drunk straight away, but it will improve in the bottle for several months. It’s best not to consider ‘laying it down’ or any such nonsense. It’s not that sort of wine.
Cheers! You’re now a winemaker.
My house red, reflecting
How To Make Your Own Wine From Grapes At Home
We are lucky enough to have a beautiful grape vine which gifts us with kilos of grapes every year. I love making my own wine from grapes at home with them it feels like magic turning the fruit into a delicious wine. It’s hard work but is also a labour of love. Homemade wine makes a wonderful gift, particularly if it tastes surprisingly good! Friends I have gifted the wine to have told me it tastes excellent.
I used the wonderful Hedgerow Wine Kit from Better Brew which contains everything you need, ready measured out . It’s all sealed in individual packets so you don’t need to worry about it going off. You can get it here on Amazon . I will list the alternative ingredients in case you don’t have one of these. I am using grapes but the kit gives you recipes for other fruit as well.
All the bottles and homebrew kit have been reused for this Instructable, and will be reused again. Using home-grown grapes gives homemade wine a much better environmental profile and carbon footprint than drinking wine which has been imported.
This recipe made 26 bottles as you can see from the pictures it came out a beautiful rosé.
Preparation time 9 hours.
- 10kg of grapes
- 4.5kg sugar
- Hedgerow Wine Kit or 1g pectolase, 1 sachet/5g yeast, 5 tsps citric acid, 2 tsps bentonite, one and a half teaspoons of potassium sorbate, isinglass 28g .
- Campden tablets
- 6 deimjohns or another bucket
- Long handled stirrer
- 26 bottles + corks/screwcaps
Recommended Reading: Bridesmaids Wine Glasses
Yeast Starts The Wine Fermentation
What happens is small consume the grape sugars and make alcohol. The yeasts come either from a commercial packet , or occur spontaneously in the juice.
Spontaneous fermentation uses yeast found naturally on grapes!
Making Wine With Table Grapes
Typical Concord grapes on the left – note the lose bunch and overall larger grapes vs. the tighter bunch and smaller Syrah grapes on the right.
Every year we have new customers come into the store who have access to grapes growing on their property and want to make wine for the first time with them. The first question is always, which type of grape you have growing in your yard? One non-scientific way is by the size of the grapes you have. Table grapes are what you buy in the grocery store, and wine grapes are typically smaller grapes, about the half the size of table grapes.
A more accurate way to determine what kind of grapes you have is to measure the sugar level and the acid levels of the grapes when they are ready to be picked. Ripe grapes intended for wine making will have a sugar level of about 1.085-1.090 , and table grapes have a sugar level of about 1.050-1.060 . Acid levels of wine grapes are about .70 to .80 on the titration scale when tested with an acid test kit. Table grapes are much higher in acid, with tests in the 1.2 to 2.0 range.
5 Gallon Recipe
Recommended Reading: How Many Ounces In A Cup Of Wine
How To Make Wine Naturally With Grapes
Make sure your wine equipment is thoroughly sanitized and rinsed before you drink. Throw out any rotten or peculiar-looking grapes you find in your collection. Ensure that your grapes are thoroughly cleaned. The stems should be removed. The juice from the grapes should be released into the primary fermentation container after crushing. Make sure the wine yeast is added.
Crushing Red Wine Grapes
Crush and de-stem the grapes. For most grape varieties, about 90% of the larger stems should be removed. Test for total acidity following the instructions in your acid testing kit. If the acidity is less than .7%, add enough tartaric acid to bring it to that level. Test for sugar with your hydrometer. Correct any deficiencies by adding enough sugar to bring the reading up to 22% . When these tests and corrections have been completed, the must should be sulfited. Estimating that you will get roughly one gallon of juice yield for every 16 lbs. of grapes, calculate the anticipated amount of juice. Using this estimate, add enough sulfite to give you a sulfur dioxide level between 50 and 130 parts per million . The amount needed will depend on the condition of the grapes, with moldy grapes getting the most concentrated dose. Unless you have found it necessary to add more than 65 parts per million SO2, yeast should be added immediately. If using more than 65 parts per million SO2, you must wait four or five hours before doing so.
Also Check: Shao Hsing Wine Substitute
How To Make Homemade Grape Wine Recipe
Winemaking is an art, the secrets of which require many years of studying. Nevertheless, each of us can make a homemade grape wine. You probably wonât create a masterpiece worthy of international exhibitions, but if handled properly the taste of your own beverage might really astonish you. I bring to your attention a detailed technology of homemade wine making . This is Grape Wine recipe and requires only grapes and sugar, making your beverage all natural.
The best grapes varieties for home winemaking are Stepnyak, Platovsky, Rosinka, Droojba, Regent, Saperavi, Crystal, Festivalniy. They donât require any special care and possess a high content of sugar. But this doesnât mean that you canât make wine from other varieties, for example, Isabella or Lydia. Youâll just have to use more sugar.
Before you start making wine, you should take care of all of the required containers. They must be really clean and dry. Otherwise, some external fungi might contaminate the beverage and spoil its taste, thus make sure you have good and clean containers. Barrels, bottles, buckets, and other containers can be smoked with sulfur or simply washed with boiled water and wiped with a dry cloth. I strongly encourage you not to use containers which used to contain milk, because a thorough wash might not help.
- Grapes â 22 lb / 10 kg
- Sugar â 1.7-7 oz / 50-200 grams per 0.25 gal / 1 liter of juice
- Wine yeast