Natural Phenols And Polyphenols
Although red wine contains many chemicals under basic research for their potential health benefits, resveratrol has been particularly well studied and evaluated by regulatory authorities, such as the European Food Safety Authority and US Food and Drug Administration which identified it and other such phenolic compounds as not sufficiently understood to confirm their role as physiologicalantioxidants.
Research on potential health effects of resveratrol is in its infancy and the long-term effects of supplementation in humans are not known.
Resveratrol is a stilbenoidphenolic compound found in wine produced in the grape skins and leaves of grape vines. It has received considerable attention in both the media and medical research community for its potential health benefits:569 which remain unproven in humans.
It Can Help With Type 2 Diabetes Management
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common forms of diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with it, it means that your body is insulin resistant . Although there is no cure to diabetes, various practices can be implemented to help with better management of this health condition.
One of these practices involves a healthy diet . However, Medical News Today, also acknowledges that drinking one glass of red wine can help with this condition. According to the site, red wine could decrease your cardiometabolic risk if you have type 2 diabetes .
According to research, the wine could metabolize glucose, further helping in the better management of type 2 diabetes . Nonetheless, you have to check with your doctor before consuming red wine for this sole purpose.
Can Drinking Wine Help To Slow Down The Ageing Process
The claim: This is one of the most common health benefits of wine. Studies supposedly proving the anti-ageing benefits of alcohol have been coming out for years. But the study conducted by the University of Iowa in 2015 is one of the most recent. This one claims research shows those who drank moderately aged more healthily than those who drank excessively or were even completely sober.
What our expert says: While its clear where this claim has come from, its unfortunately not entirely true.
Red wine is an easily accessible source of a compound called resveratrol, which has been studied extensively for its many health benefits one of which includes anti-ageing effects, says Leyla. It activates a set of enzymes in the body called sirtuins. These enzymes protect and improve the quality of cells as they regenerate. Resveratrol is in many plants, but it is particularly abundant in red grapes. Of all red grapes, the red grapes of the Pinot Noir France have the highest level of resveratrol content. This is how the red wine and health relationship came to be linked.
So what the real secret to slowing down ageing if its not red wine? Leyla explains that human cells are a little like photographs. They are full of all the detail we need to create every part of our body. As we age, our cells regenerate which is a bit like a photocopied photograph.
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How To Drink Wine
The easiest way to find the right bottle of wine for you and your occasion is simply to ask a wine expert or sommelier for their recommendations based on your taste. If youre pairing wines for dinner, tell the expert what dishes youll be making. If youre simply buying a bottle of wine to broaden your horizons, the most important things to state are your price range and flavour preferences.
When it comes to preparing and drinking wine, there are differences based on the colour of the wine. Red and fortified wines should be served a touch below room temperature, while white, rose and sparkling wines benefit from a chill. Red wines should be kept in the fridge for around 45 minutes before serving, while white, rose and sparkling wines can stay in the cool for around two hours.
White wine glasses are typically smaller than red wine glasses, as they dont need the same surface area to oxidise. When drinking the wine, hold the glass by the stem rather than the bowl. This will help the wine to keep at the same temperature, rather than warming up in your hand.
Pour 30 to 60 ml of wine into a glass to taste it before serving. Swirl the wine in the glass, holding the stem, to expose it to a larger surface area. Smell the wine as you swirl it to release the flavours and varied aromas. A higher quality wine will offer different aromas the more its swirled.
It Can Disrupt Your Sleeping Patterns
So it’s not always rainbows and sunshine, right? Alcohol canmess with our natural circadian rhythm, aka our body’s natural clock, even in small doses. A study done on sleep and alcohol by the National Institute of Health revealed that when we drink even a moderate amount of alcohol, our bodies go through a “rebound effect.” This effect essentially is your body’s way of adjusting to the alcohol present while it’s still trying to sleep normally during the first half of your slumber. The alcohol takes about 4-5 hours to leave your system, which means that the sleep disruption you do experience during the second half of the night is the alcohol making its way out of your body.
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Prediabetes And Diabetes Prevention
A person with blood sugar levels of 100125 mg/dl will receive a diagnosis of prediabetes. This means that their blood sugar levels are high, but they do not have diabetes. Taking action at this stage can prevent diabetes from developing.
According to a 2016 report published in The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 33.6 percent of people aged 45 years and older had prediabetes in 2012.
The CDC estimate that around
Diabetes may cause a number of health complications if people do not manage it properly. Many of these are chronic, or long-term, but they can become life-threatening. Others need immediate medical attention as soon as they appear.
How Much Red Wine Is Good For You
According to the CDC, a standard drink is:
- 12 ounces of beer
- 8 ounces of malt liquor
- 5 ounces of wine
- 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits
Next time youre pouring wine, it helps to remember that a serving isnt always the size of your glass . Because of its health halo, red wine is often considered to dwell in a magical realm outside of these consumption suggestions. Unfortunately, its doesnt. Booze is booze.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans suggest no more than 1 alcoholic drink maximum per day for women and 2 alcoholic drinks per day for men. Its also important to reiterate that consumers do not need to take up drinking wine to reap the cardiovascular benefits. Just because red wine has a health halo does not mean you have to drink it, says Feller.
Red Wine Might Lower Blood Sugar Levels
For people with type 2 diabetes, the secret to lowering blood sugar may rest in a nice glass of red or white. In an October 2015 study published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, researchers found that people with type 2 diabetes who drank a glass of red or white wine at dinner had lower glucose levels than those who drank water instead. This isnt the first study to find that wine has a correlation with good blood sugar, either.
The study analyzed 224 patients with controlled type 2 diabetes. Participants of the study were randomly assigned to drink either five ounces of mineral water, white wine, or red wine after dinner every night for two years. All patients were following a healthy Mediterranean diet with no calorie restrictions.
In the end, researchers found that red wine drinkers had a modest improvement in high-density lipoproteins , aka the good cholesterol. Those who drank red or white wine also saw a slight improvement in glucose metabolism. Obviously excess drinking is harmful, but there is no good evidence to discourage moderate consumption among diabetics who have no other contraindication, said study researcher Meir Stampfer, MD.
It Can Protect Your Skin From The Sun
The flavonoids found in this beverage could be useful for protecting your skin from the negative effects of the suns UV rays. These antioxidants can lower your risks of sunbruns and having irreversible damage to the skin.
- Venturini, C. D., Merlo, S., Souto, A. A., Fernandes, M. da C., Gomez, R., & Rhoden, C. R. . Resveratrol and Red Wine Function as Antioxidants in the Nervous System without Cellular Proliferative Effects during Experimental Diabetes. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity.
- Zhang, Z., Chen, N., Liu, J. B., Wu, J. B., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., & Jiang, X. . Protective effect of resveratrol against acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide via inhibiting the myd88-dependent Toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway. Molecular Medicine Reports.
- Monteiro, R., Soares, R., Guerreiro, S., Pestana, D., Calhau, C., & Azevedo, I. . Red wine increases adipose tissue aromatase expression and regulates body weight and adipocyte size. Nutrition.
- Granzotto, A., & Zatta, P. . Resveratrol and Alzheimers disease: Message in a bottle on red wine and cognition. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.
17 December, 2018
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Drinking Wine Can Help Prevent Obesity
There is a difference between overweight and obesity. Overweight refers to an excess amount of body weight that may come from muscles, bone, fat, and water. Obesity, on the other hand, refers to excessive amounts of body fat.
Based on Global Health Observatory data, at least 2.8 million people in the world die each year as a result of being overweight or obese.
Wine, specifically white wine, contains the antioxidant called epicatechin, quercetin, and resveratrol. These antioxidants can lower levels of cholesterol and may also support weight loss by burning belly fats and by decreasing inflammation commonly associated with obesity.
Key Takeaway: White wine promotes weight loss by burning belly fat and by decreasing anti-inflammatory properties.
Alcohol Free Red Wine May Be Even Healthier
Most of the problems with red wine are linked to the alcohol content. So, what happens if you remove the alcohol? Well the wine may end up being better for you.
True alcohol free wine still contains the same antioxidants and other plant-based compounds that you find in wine.
You may need to shop around to find high-quality alcohol free wine. Look for companies that mention dealcoholization or something similar on their labels to make sure that youre not just buying overpriced grape juice.
The best companies are also careful to avoid overheating the wine when removing the alcohol. Many also are careful to be as environmentally friendly as possible. While it might take time to find a product you like, there are some truly excellent alcohol free wines out there ones that taste just like the real thing and contain less than 0.5% alcohol.
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Why Is Wine Good For You
Drinking red wine in moderation is linked to lowering the risk of heart disease, stroke, and early death. Additionally, research has shown moderate red wine consumption reduces your risk of cancer and dementia, lowers blood pressure and bad cholesterol, and decreases your risk of depression. There are numerous naturally occurring compounds in wine that provide these benefits.
Potential Downsides Of Drinking Red Wine
The American Heart Society warns that, although moderate consumption of red wine may have health benefits, excessive consumption can be detrimental to your health. Liver damage, obesity, certain types of cancer, stroke, cardiomyopathy, are just some of the issues that excessive drinking can contribute to. In fact, the American Institute for Cancer Research says that the less you drink, the lower your risk for cancer and advises to not drink at all if you want to take a proactive approach to cancer prevention. Not to mention that liquid calories can really add up when drinking any type of alcohol, which can lead to weight gain. Plus, alcohol in general lowers inhibitions and can lead to poor decision-making, which may influence your food choices.
The bottom line:Federal guidelines and the American Heart Association recommend that if you do choose to drink alcohol, then do so in moderation stick to no more than one to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women. For reference, one drink is about 12 ounces of beer, 4 ounces of wine, 1.5 ounces of 80-proof spirits or 1 ounce of 100-proof spirits. Since red wine does contain a slew of antioxidants, it may potentially be a better choice than some other forms of alcohol on the market when consumed in moderation.
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Red Wine Can Help Maintain Bone Density
After around age 50, bone density may begin to decrease, and you can experience bone loss. However, research suggests that people who consume moderate amounts of alcohol may have a higher bone density.
For example, a large 2009 study found that moderate drinking had a positive effect on bone mineral density in men and postmenopausal women. Additionally, a 2011 study found that red wine in particular was the most beneficial type of alcohol for bone mineral density in older men.
Excessive alcohol consumption, on the other hand, can have the opposite effect and backfire. Emily Monfiletto, a registered dietitian at Baylor College of Medicine, says that excessive drinking can be a major risk factor in developing osteoporosis. This is because alcohol interferes with how calcium and vitamin D work in the body, directly affecting bone health. It also reduces hormones that support healthy bone function, Monfiletto says.
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Red Wine May Improve Cardiovascular Health
In fact, a glass of red wine has about 10 times more polyphenols than a glass of white wine. According to Roberta Anding, a registered dietitian at Baylor College of Medicine, the types of polyphenols in red wine include:
While all of these are beneficial, Anding says the most favorable is resveratrol, which is considered to be the most effective wine compound for preventing heart disease due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
These antioxidants prevent heart problems in multiple ways. According to Mayo Clinic, the compounds in red wine can increase levels of good cholesterol and lower levels of bad cholesterol, which can be heart healthy. Additionally, polyphenols are believed to protect the blood vessels’ lining in your heart.
For The Vegan Dinner Party:
âA grenache syrah blend, like CÃ´tes du RhÃ´ne from the south of France is a good fit,â Selecman said. âItâs a bistro wine, super-accessible, light easy, and highly drinkable.â
For a white, Selecman points toward a white Bordeaux, something sauvignon blanc-based. âThis is a softer, more refined style than whites that hail from outside of France, and pairs very well with grain-based dishes,â she said.
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Which Type Of Wine Is Best
Red wine seems like the obvious first choice when youre looking for the benefits of wine. After all, it does contain more antioxidants, including higher amounts of resveratrol.
Still, as we mentioned earlier, the antioxidants arent as big of a deal as you might expect. Red wine also contains higher amounts of sulfites, a type of preservative.
These sulfites can cause problems for some people, particularly those sensitive to migraines or asthma. If youre sensitive to either of those issues, white wine could be a safer choice for you.