Shifting Benefits And Risks
The benefits and risks of moderate drinking change over a lifetime. In general, risks exceed benefits until middle age, when cardiovascular disease begins to account for an increasingly large share of the burden of disease and death.
- For a pregnant woman and her unborn child, a recovering alcoholic, a person with liver disease, and people taking one or more medications that interact with alcohol, moderate drinking offers little benefit and substantial risks.
- For a 30-year-old man, the increased risk of alcohol-related accidents outweighs the possible heart-related benefits of moderate alcohol consumption.
- For a 60-year-old man, a drink a day may offer protection against heart disease that is likely to outweigh potential harm .
- For a 60-year-old woman, the benefit/risk calculations are trickier. Ten times more women die each year from heart disease than from breast cancer . However, studies show that women are far more afraid of developing breast cancer than heart disease, something that must be factored into the equation.
What Is Wine Doing To Your Face How Bad Diet Habits Destroy Your Complexion
By Gillian B
Common skin problems everyone faces could be a result of poor diet choices. This is according to naturopathic doctor and skin care specialist Nigma Talib who recently wrote the book Reverse The Signs Of Ageing: The Revolutionary Inside-Out Plan To Glowing, Youthful Skin. She treats celebrities like Sienna Miller, makeup guru Charlotte Tilbury and has been featured in Vanity Fair Magazine.
Talib is convinced that what we eat and drink has a direct impact on our faces. She recognizes and calls this collection of symptoms dairy face, wine face, sugar face, and gluten face.
In her book, Talib states:
The second a patient walks into my clinic I can immediately tell the sort of foods they tend to over-eat just by checking the way their face is ageing. In fact, I often find myself reading random faces in the street. I want to run up to strangers and tell them to cut milk out of their diet or hold back on the pasta as it is so clear from their complexion that their diet is doing them harm. For some people, just one wheat-heavy day cereal for breakfast, bread for lunch and pasta for dinner is enough to cause bloating and puffiness. A couple of glasses of wine can trigger fine lines around the mouth and eyes, and if you are intolerant a creamy sauce or a piece of cheese might trigger a spotty break-out or dark circles under the eyes.
What one eats or eats too much of determines how the face will age.
What Does Histamine Do
We now know that wine has histamine in it, but what does it actually do?
Aside from the fact its in some of the food and drinks you consume, certain cells in your body also produce histamine. These include mast cells , platelets and Enterochromaffin cells .
When histamine is released from your white blood cells, it binds to one of four histamine receptors. It causes smooth muscle contraction, dilation of blood vessels, mucous secretion in your stomach lining and a drop in blood pressure to mention a few.
In normal circumstances, once histamine has done what it needs to do, your body breaks it down.
However, some people may not be able to break down histamine as efficiently or are particularly sensitive to small amounts. In this case, they may develop symptoms of wine histamine intolerance.
Therefore drinking wine that contains histamine can cause a reaction that can mimic an allergy.
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How Alcohol Contributes To Systemic Inflammation
Over time and in large quantities, alcohol can alter the lining of the intestines and the colon.
Inflammation is a normal function of the human body, the immune systems first reaction to a perceived danger. However, when inflammation occurs too often, it represents a grave health threat.
A number of lifestyle choices can increase a persons risk of chronic systemic inflammation. They include smoking, a diet high in sugar and trans fats, and excessive alcohol consumption.
Food Ingredients That Can Cause Inflammation
- 1. 8 Food Ingredients That Can Cause Inflammation When you have arthritis, your body is in an inflammatory state. What you eat may not only increase inflammation, it can also set you up for other chronic conditions such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes.
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Must Arthritis Mean The End To Happy Hour The Short Answer: Probably Not
In the last month, more than half of adults in the United States have raised at least one glass of wine, beer, or hard liquor. But is it safe to drink alcohol if youre one of the 3 million or so people living with inflammatory arthritis?
For years, the American College of Rheumatology has advised avoiding alcohol almost entirely if you take methotrexate, one of the most commonly used treatments for rheumatoid arthritis and some other forms of inflammatory arthritis. Alcohol significantly increases the risk for liver damage while taking methotrexate, the College explains.
But recent findings may point toward a more nuanced view of alcohol use in the future. In 2017, researchers at the University of Manchester in England found no increased risk of liver damage in patients on methotrexate who consumed less than 14 units of alcohol per week .
How Do You Make Healthier Alcohol Choices
Now that weve established the healthiest types of alcohol, lets take it a step further. Most mixed drinks are made with additional ingredients that are filled with sugar and other ingredients that are less than optimal for your health. Therefore, its important to choose your mixers wisely.
You can start by simply saying no to soda or other pre-mixed syrups since they are loaded with sugar and can impact your gut health and perpetuate inflammation. Instead, stick to flavored seltzer like La Croix, Spindrift, or even Zevia, which is made with stevia instead of soda.
If you want to take things to the next level, using kombucha as a mixer will give you the added benefit of probiotics and the antioxidant power of tea. You can also incorporate herbs into your cocktails. You can muddle in or make homemade syrups out of lavender, ginger, or cilantro, which can not just make your drink taste a lot more interesting but they can bring additional health benefits likeanxiety and stress, easing digestive distress andinflammation, and enhancing detoxification.
Cocktails are also a fun opportunity to play around with plant-based herbal medicines, like adaptogens, which have taken the wellness world by storm. Adaptogens are a group of natural ingredients with an amazing ability to restore balance in the body and since they are most commonly found in powdered form, you can easily mix these into your drinks.
BY DR. WILL COLE
Evidence-based reviewed article
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It Can Boost Your Immune Health
Thanks to the polyphenol content in wine, having a glass of it can have a positive effect on your immune system. As the chemicals support good bacteria growth, your immune health will also strengthen, Dr. Allison Hill, OB/GYN and chief medical correspondent for Florajen, tells Bustle. This is definitely a situation where less is more, though, because drinking wine in excess can have the opposite effect, she says.
Can You Be Allergic To Histamines In Wine
Technically, an allergy is an inappropriate immune response to an otherwise innocuous substance. For example pollen or nut protein. These are foreign molecules that are not produced by your body. molecules like pollen and nut protein are called allergens.
On the other hand, histamine is an essential chemical messenger every human being in the world produces. Therefore, it cant be an allergen and you cant be allergic to it.
That said, some people are particularly sensitive to the effects of histamine. Small amounts can trigger a big response. And its in those individuals that histamine in wine can be a problem.
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How Much Alcohol Is Safe
The benefits in these studies were only seen with moderate drinking. Itâs never a good idea to drink too much. For women, experts say that one drink a day is usually safe. A drink is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of liquor. For men, itâs usually safe to have two drinks a day.
If you donât drink or drink very little, experts say you shouldnât start or drink more because you think it may be good for you. But if you have RA and you like to relax with an alcoholic drink, you probably donât need to stop.
Arthritis Foundation: âAlcohol and Arthritis,â âBest Drinks for Arthritis.â
BMJ: âLong term alcohol intake and risk of rheumatoid arthritis in women: a population based cohort study.â
Arthritis & Rheumatology: âAlcohol Consumption and Risk of Incident Rheumatoid Arthritis in Women: a Prospective Study,â âAlcohol Consumption and Markers of Inflammation in Women with Pre-clinical Rheumatoid Arthritis.â
Mayo Clinic: âRheumatoid Arthritis.â
Nature Communications: âEthanol consumption inhibits TFH cell responses and the development of autoimmune arthritis.â
RMD Open: âModerate use of alcohol is associated with lower levels of C reactive protein but not with less severe joint inflammation: a cross-sectional study in early RA and healthy volunteers.â
American College of Rheumatology Meeting Abstracts: âAlcohol Consumption and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Mortality in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.â
The Link Between Alcohol And Chronic Inflammation
How can consuming too much alcohol lead to whole-body inflammation? Over time and in large quantities, alcohol can alter the lining of the intestines and the colon. Consequently, they become less capable of containing bacteria. Thus, some of the bacteria that live in those organs, a portion of which may be toxic, can seep into the bloodstream and travel throughout the body.
Though not all of those microbes are necessarily harmful, the immune system will still view them all as a threat. Accordingly, it is likely to induce inflammation on a frequent basis.
Indeed, in 2010, researchers at the University of Porto published the results of a study that connected higher amounts of alcohol in the body to higher levels of C-reactive protein . The liver produces CRP, and it makes more of this protein whenever inflammation occurs. Thus, CRP is an inflammatory marker: The more CRP thats present in the blood, the more a person has experienced inflammation.
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Does The Type Of Alcohol Matter
Ethanol is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks, whether they are beers, wines, liquors , or other drinks. Alcoholic drinks contain different percentages of ethanol, but in general, a standard size drink of any type 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor contains about the same amount of ethanol . Of course, larger or stronger drinks can contain more ethanol than this.
Overall, the amount of alcohol someone drinks over time, not the type of alcoholic beverage, seems to be the most important factor in raising cancer risk. Most evidence suggests that it is the ethanol that increases the risk, not other things in the drink.
Wine May Calm Inflammation In Blood Vessels
By Amy Norton, Reuters Health
4 Min Read
NEW YORK – Adding to evidence that a little wine can do a heart good, a new study suggests that women who drink moderate amounts may have less inflammation in their blood vessels.
Spanish researchers found that after four weeks of drinking two glasses of wine per day, women showed lower levels of certain inflammatory substances in their blood. The findings, reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, suggest a mechanism by which wine — particularly red wine — may protect the heart.
Numerous studies have found that wine drinkers tend to have lower rates of heart disease than teetotalers do. Research also suggests that higher levels of good HDL cholesterol may be one reason, though not a full explanation of the benefit.
Figuring out exactly how wine may protect the heart is important in order to prove that the link between wine and heart health is, in fact, a direct one, according to Dr. Emilio Sacanella, the lead researcher on the new study.
Studies that show wine drinkers to have better heart health do not prove that wine is the reason, explained Sacanella, of the University of Barcelona. Wine lovers may, for example, have generally better diets, higher exercise levels or other heart-healthy habits, he told Reuters Health.
Inflammation may also make these plaques more likely to rupture and create a blood clot that could then trigger a heart attack.
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It Can Boost Good Bacteria
“Drinking a glass of red wine every week can be very beneficial for your gut health,”Dr. Gregory Funk, founder of Hope N Wellness, tells Bustle. “This is due to the antioxidant properties of the polyphenol compounds of wine, which can promote a larger percentage of good gut bacteria,” he says. As your gut bacteria diversifies, your overall health improves a great deal, so know that enjoying a glass along with dinner can benefit you in a similar way that a cup of kombucha or a bowl of yogurt could.
It Can Better Heart Health
Polyphenols, plant compounds found in wine, can have a significant effect on the gut microbiome which can in turn reduce cardiovascular disease risk, Bart Wolbers, researcher and health scientist at Nature Builds Health, tells Bustle.“The mechanism for that effect is a reduction of total cholesterol and blood pressure, with a possible increase in the healthy HDL cholesterol,” he says.
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It Can Irritate Your Stomach
“Wine can be a gastrointestinal irritant, like any other alcoholic beverage and cause gas, bloating, or diarrhea in susceptible individuals,” Monica Auslander Moreno, MS, RD, LD/N, nutrition consultant for RSP Nutrition, tells Bustle. The specific amount of wine that it could take to irritate your stomach really depends on your body, she says. So it’s really best to pay close attention to how your stomach feels after you drink a glass of wine. If you tend to have stomach issues even after having a single glass, that’s a pretty good sign that you’re someone who reacts strongly to the beverage.
How Sugar Can Affect Inflammation
Let’s start with the big one. Sugar is the king of inflammation, inflicting a massive blow to your gut and overall health.
This low-grade inflammation contributes to the development of numerous age-related chronic conditions including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease , type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease that may lead to a heart attack.
Sugar also contributes to obesity, characterized by a chronic low-grade inflammation in fatty tissues as well as systemically. With obese people, we see an increased immune response within fat tissue that researchers call metabolic inflammation.
Sugar, especially added sugar in processed food, can also result in insulin resistance. In this condition, your pancreas works on overdrive, secreting ever higher amounts of insulin because your cells have become resistant to “hearing” this hormone signal.
Insulin resistance can lead to metabolic syndrome, a major cause of heart and vascular disease, and diabetesall major causes of health problems that can destroy your quality of life. Insulin resistance also perpetuates the vicious cycle of inflammation. Chronic inflammation, in turn, fuels insulin resistance. Once it gets kicked off by excess sugar and processed carbs in the diet, it’s hard to shut off.
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How Does Alcohol Affect Inflammation
Inflammation is often the main underlying factor in most chronic diseases. In fact, its such a big deal that its the topic of my book,The Inflammation Spectrum, and a frequent topic of conversation during my patientconsultations.
When it comes to inflammation and alcohol, the research is also a bit mixed. For example,a study published in the journal Alcohol & Alcoholism showed that levels of the inflammatory C-reactive protein were higher in people who consumed alcohol. Other studies have shown that alcohol increases levels of the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide in the gut, which is known for inducing inflammation. Finally, people who drink can also developleaky gut, which can drivewidespread inflammation in the body and brain.
On the flip side, certain types of alcoholmainly red winehave actually displayed anti-inflammatory properties due to itshigh concentration of polyphenols such as resveratrol. Doctors often tell their patients that moderate alcohol consumption is A-okay. As Karen Costenbader, M.D., MPH, a rheumatologist at Brigham and Womens Hospital in Boston told the arthritis foundation: Moderate alcohol consumptionreduces biomarkers of inflammation, including c-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and TNF-alpha receptor 2.
Additionally, due to the anti-inflammatory properties of these beverages, moderate alcohol consumption has been shown topositively affectoverall immune health whereas high alcohol consumption actually suppresses the immune system.
Alcohol Ra And The Risk Of Related Conditions
Nearly 23% of adults in the United States have been diagnosed with some form of arthritis. When youre diagnosed with a chronic condition, its essential to take care of yourself not just take your medication. Otherwise, you may contribute to a domino effect of related issues unintentionally. For example:
Those living with RA are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis, a thinning of the bones that makes bones more prone to break. Drinking alcohol excessively also increases the risk of .
Up to 40% of those living with RA also have symptoms of depression, which can be made worse by using alcohol, a depressant, to cope with a chronic condition.
Some doctors have reported sleep problems in the majority of their RA patients. Causes of poor sleep for those with RA include , medication side effects, or related to managing RA. Alcohol, along with caffeine, also interferes with quality sleep.
Living with rheumatoid arthritis doesnt mean living with all the pain and stress that can come with it. The key is treating the symptoms from pain to to poor sleep safely and effectively. Talk with your doctor as a partner who needs to understand the effects of RA on your life as a whole, so you can work together toward living your best.
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